Indonesian Journal of Cardiology <p><strong>Indonesian Journal of Cardiology (IJC)&nbsp;</strong>is a peer-reviewed and open-access journal established by Indonesian Heart Association (IHA)/<em>Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Kardiovaskular Indonesia (PERKI)</em>&nbsp;[] on the year 1979. This journal is published to meet the needs of physicians and other health professionals for scientific articles in the cardiovascular field. All articles (research, case report, review article, and others) should be original and has never been published in any magazine/journal. Prior to publication, every manuscript will be subjected to double-blind review by peer-reviewers. We consider articles on all aspects of the cardiovascular system including clinical, translational, epidemiological, and basic studies.</p> <p>Subjects suitable for publication include but are not limited to the following fields:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Acute Cardiovascular Care</li> <li class="show">Arrhythmia / Cardiac Electrophysiology</li> <li class="show">Cardiovascular Imaging</li> <li class="show">Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy</li> <li class="show">Cardiovascular Public Health Policy</li> <li class="show">Cardiovascular Rehabilitation</li> <li class="show">Cardiovascular Research</li> <li class="show">General Cardiology</li> <li class="show">Heart Failure</li> <li class="show">Hypertension</li> <li class="show">Interventional Cardiology</li> <li class="show">Pediatric Cardiology</li> <li class="show">Preventive Cardiology</li> <li class="show">Vascular Medicine</li> </ul> <p>All articles published in the Indonesian journal of Cardiology are indexed in:</p> <ul> <li class="show">BASE</li> <li class="show">CiteFactor</li> <li class="show">CNKI</li> <li class="show">Crossref</li> <li class="show">DOAJ</li> <li class="show">GARUDA</li> <li class="show">Hinari</li> <li class="show">Embase</li> <li class="show">Google Scholar</li> <li class="show">WorldCat</li> </ul> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br><br></p> <ol type="a"> <ul> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> </ul> </ol> <ol type="a"> <ul> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> </ul> </ol> <ol type="a"> <ul> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ul> </ol> ([] dr. Sunu Budhi Raharjo, Sp.JP(K), Ph.D, FIHA) (Admin) Fri, 29 Mar 2024 11:03:58 +0700 OJS 60 Factors Influencing Mortality of Thoracic Aortic Surgery in The Third World Country <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>Background: </strong>A prominent increase of overall global death rate of aortic disease is seen on developing country, with South-east Asia having the highest increase of 41%. Lack of identification and prompt management of the diseases in conjunction with lack of facilities in third world countries that could perform aortic surgery made the procedure more complex when the patients admitted to tertiary hospitals</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>The data was obtained through medical record of patients underwent thoracic aortic surgery from 2018 to 2021 in National Cardiovascular Center Harapan Kita (NCCHK). One-year and 3-year survival analysis was obtained through phone calls and digital messages. Statistical analysis was done to investigate the impact of surgical complexity as the main predictor and other variables on primary (in-hospital mortality) and secondary (mid-term survival) outcome.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>A total of 208 patients were included in the analysis; 157 (75,5%) underwent&nbsp; complex surgery, and 51 (24,5%) underwent non-complex surgery. In-hospital mortality was similar across 2 groups (23,6% vs 13,7%; p = 0,1240). On multivariable analysis, malperfusion syndrome (OR 3,560; p = 0,002), CPB duration &gt; 180 minutes (OR 4,331; p = 0,001), and surgical priority (urgent OR 4,196; p = 0,003; emergency OR 10,879; p = 0,001) were identified as independent predictor of in-hospital mortality. Cox regression identified diabetes (HR 4,539; p = 0,025) and emergency procedure (HR 9,561; p = 0,015) as independent predictors for 1-year mortality, and diabetes (HR 3,609; p = 0,004), aortic dissection (HR 2,795; p = 0,029), and maximum aortic diameter (HR 1,034; p = 0,003) for 3-year mortality. Surgical complexity was not associated with early and mid-term mortality.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>In patients undergoing thoracic aortic surgery, surgical complexity was not associated with early and mid-term survival. Early and mid-term survival was largely determined by patient comorbidities and intra-surgery factors.</p> Rienna Diansari, Dicky Aligheri, Bagus Herlambang, Sony Hilal Wicaksono, Brian Medel, Dian Yaniarti, Amir Aziz Alkatiri, Hananto Andriantoro, Suko Adiarto ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 29 Mar 2024 10:08:19 +0700 Triglyceride Glucose Index as a Predictor of 30-Day Readmission and 6 Months Mortality After Hospitalization in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure <p><strong>Background:</strong>&nbsp;Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a cardiovascular disease with high mortality and readmission rates. Currently, insulin resistance has been reported to predict prognosis of ADHF patients. Triglyceride glucose index (TyG) has now been proposed as an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk and a simple marker of insulin resistance. However, the association between TyG and 30-days readmission and 6 months mortality after hospitalization remains unclear.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong>&nbsp;To investigate TyG as a predictor of 30-day readmission and 6 months mortality after hospitalization in ADHF patients.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong>&nbsp;The study was conducted in a retrospective cohort. Data were taken from medical records based on the admission of patients who met the inclusion criteria from January 2018 – November 2021. The clinical outcomes were 30-days readmission and 6 months mortality. The data were analyzed by multivariate analysis and the survival rate of the subjects.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;This study included 467 subjects, with 158 subjects have clinical outcomes. The readmission rate is 29% (135 subjects), and 6 month mortality after hospitalization is 5% (23 subjects). Multivariate analysis showed that the factors associated with 30-days readmission were hypertension (p 0.03, HR 1.547, CI 95% 1.044 – 2.291), systolic blood pressure &gt; 140 mmHg on admission (p&lt; 0.001, HR 0.441, CI 95% 0.296 – 0.658), triglyceride ³ 150 mg/dL (p 0.012, HR 1.812, CI 95% 1.139 – 2.881), and TyG index (p &lt;0.001, OR 4.594, CI 95% 2.717 – 7.767). Independent factors for 6 months mortality were only no diuretic medication (p 0.02, HR 6.015, CI 95% 1.975 – 18.320).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong>&nbsp;Triglyceride glucose index can predict 30-days readmission, but does not associated with &nbsp;6-months mortality in ADHF patients.</p> Arindya Rezeki, Bambang Widyantoro, Vienna Rossimarina, Bambang Dwiputra, Siska Suridanda Danny, Anwar Santoso, Renan Sukmawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 29 Mar 2024 10:30:31 +0700 PEACH Score Validation as a Predictor of Postoperative In-hospital Mortality in Adult Congenital Heart Disease Patients at Haji Adam Malik General Hospital Medan <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Congenital heart disease (CHD) is an abnormality in the structure and function of the heart that is acquired while still intrauterine where the incidence of CHD worldwide is estimated at around 8 cases per 1,000 live births. Even though the development of the medical science is currently advanced, there are still CHD patients who are lately diagnosed and found when the patient is an adult so it requires surgical interventions. The PEACH score is a score that can predict postoperative in-hospital mortality in adults CHD patients. This study aims to validate the PEACH score.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This is a retrospective cohort study of 52 adult patients with CHD who underwent surgery at Haji Adam Malik General Hospital from January 2019 to April 2023. Validation was analyzed using a calibration and discrimination test to the PEACH score in predicting postoperative in-hospital mortality.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> The incidence of in-hospital mortality was 8 (15.4%) patients. There is a relationship between the PEACH score group and the incidence of mortality (p=0.006). The results of the calibration test using the Hosmer and Lameshow analysis and the discrimination test using the Receiver Operating Characteristic analysis showed good validation (p=0.85; AUC=0.83).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The PEACH score is valid for predicting postoperative in-hospital mortality in adult congenital heart disease at Haji Adam Malik General Hospital.</p> Juang Idaman Zebua, Ali Nafiah Nasution, Andre Pasha Ketaren, Harris Hasan, Nizam Zikri Akbar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 29 Mar 2024 10:47:01 +0700 Correlation between Peak Left Atrial Longitudinal Strain and The Severity of Mitral Valve Disease at Haji Adam Malik General Hospital Medan <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Mitral stenosis and regurgitation, are common throughout the world. Peak Left Atrial Strain (PALS) is a parameter for assessing left atrial deformation in the evaluation of atrial function and a predictor of long-term outcome of various heart diseases. In this study, we assessed the relationship between PALS and the severity of mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitation</p> <p><strong>Method</strong><strong>s</strong><strong>:</strong> This is a cross-sectional study on 119 subjects with mitral stenosis and 103 mitral regurgitation who met the inclusion criteria at Haji Adam Malik General Hospital. PALS measurements were taken. Data were analyzed univariate, bivariate, correlate to assess the relationship between PALS and the severity of mitral valve disease</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> 119 patients with severe mitral stenosis. In mitral stenosis, the mean PALS is 8.2 (4.9-22.8). PALS was significantly higher in patients with sinus rhythm than in the group with AF (10.29 ± 3.89 vs 8.63 ± 7.8%; P = 0.002). PALS had a significant correlation with MVA, pressure gradient, and PHT (r = 0.676, P = &lt;0.001; r=-0.594, P= 0.001 and r=-0.594, P= 0.001). Whereas in mitral regurgitation, it has an average PALS of 15.2 (7.8-19.2). PALS was also significantly higher in patients with sinus rhythm than in the group with AF (16.36 ± 2.43 vs 11.64 ± 2.89%, P = 0.001). PALS has a correlation with VC, PISA, EROA and RVol (r = -0.533, P=0.001; r=-0.618; r=-0.563, P=0.001; r= -0.528, P=0.001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> PALS has a significant correlation with the assessment of the severity of mitral stenosis and regurgitation.</p> Dina Ryanti, Andre Pasha Ketaren, Zulfikri Mukhtar, Nizam Zikri Akbar, Anggia Chairuddin Lubis, Tengku Winda Ardini ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 29 Mar 2024 10:51:34 +0700 Impact of acute kidney injury in patients with acute decompensated heart failure: Cardiorenal syndrome <p>Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is a complex interdependent relationship between the heart and kidneys, prevalent in hospitalized patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). The main aim of this study is to evaluation of cardiac and renal function, treatment factors, and outcomes in view of mortality and persistent renal dysfunction in acute decompensated heart failure (cardio renal syndrome type 1) patients. We studied 100 patients hospitalised with ADHF and acute kidney injury (AKI). Patients were evaluated clinically, biochemically, ultrasonographically, and echocardiographically to assess demographics, etiologic and risk factors, cardiac and renal function, and outcomes in view of mortality and persistent renal dysfunction. The study monitored the patients until discharge and follow up with three months to one year. Record information about functional improvement, worsening symptoms, and mortality. The majority of the patients were males (72%), with dyspnea being the most common symptom (92%) followed by decreased urinary output (82%). The mean age of the patients was 62.60 years. Low level of Mean arterial pressure (MAP) 18.97 (95% CI 4.59 to 78.37, P 0.0001), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 0.92(95% CI 0.87 to 0.99; P 0.02), maximum creatinine 3.08 (95% CI 1.67 to 5.67, P 0.0001), maximum level of urea 1.02(95% CI, P 0.001), lower Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) 1.05 (95% CI 0.15 to 0.84, P 0.04) were independently predictors of in-hospital mortality. CRS-1 is associated with increased risk of mortality (25%), residual renal dysfunction (16%) at one year follow up. Persistent renal dysfunction, renal replacement therapy possibly improves for the treating persistent renal dysfunction, and recurrent HHF (more than 2 admissions) post hospitalisation index within twelve months were predictors of mortality (25%) at one-year.</p> Sagar Tandel, Dr., Ashish Mishra, Dr., Sharad Jain, Dr., Vishal Sharma, Dr., Kewal Kanabar, Dr., Pooja Vyas, Dr., Krutika Patel, Ms., Nisarg Desai, Dr., Aman Kedia, Dr. ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 29 Mar 2024 10:42:34 +0700